Minilang is a small imperative language, designed to be embedded into programs written in C. Although initially developed for Rabs to specify build functions and dependencies, it has evolved into a comprehensive embeddable scripting language. It has the following goals / features:

Minimal dependencies

Minilang has no mandatory dependencies other than the Hans Boehm garbage collector and standard C libraries.

Minimal language

Minilang is a fairly simple language with no syntax for classes, modules, etc. This allows it to be embedded in applications with strict control on available features. There is no loss in expression though as the syntax allows classes and modules to be added seamlessly.

Expression based

Other than declarations, everything else in Minilang is an expression, avoiding the need for temporary variables for intermediate values resulting in concise code. Of course, variables can be defined for clarity as required.

One-shot Continuations

All function calls in Minilang are implemented using one-shot continuations. This allows asynchronous functions and preemptive multitasking to be added if required, without imposing them when they are not needed.

Flexible API

The Minilang compiler API uses callbacks where possible giving applications complete flexibility on how to use Minilang.

Easy to embed & extend

Minilang provides a comprehensive embedding API to support a wider range of use cases. It is easy to create new functions in C to use in Minilang.

Full closures

Functions in Minilang automatically capture their environment, creating closures at runtime. Closures can be passed around as first-class values.


print("Hello world!\n")

var L := [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

for X in L do
   print('X = {X}\n')