sequence

meth @(Value: any): sequence

Returns an infinite sequence that repeatedly produces Value. Should be used with :limit or paired with a finite sequence in zip, weave, etc.

list(@1 limit 10) :> [1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1]
meth (Initial: any) @ (Fn: function): sequence

Returns a sequence that produces Initial, Fn(Initial), Fn(Fn(Initial)), ... stopping when Fn(Last) returns nil.

list(1 @ (_ + 1) limit 10)
:> [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
type chained < function, sequence

A chained function or sequence, consisting of a base function or sequence and any number of additional functions or filters.

When used as a function or sequence, the base is used to produce an initial result, then the additional functions are applied in turn to the result.

Filters do not affect the result but will shortcut a function call or skip an iteration if nil is returned. I.e. filters remove values from a sequence that fail a condition without affecting the values that pass.

fun chained(Base: any, Fn₁, : function, ...): chained

Returns a new chained function or sequence with base Base and additional functions or filters Fn₁, ..., Fnₙ.

let F := chained(fun(X) X + 1, fun(X) X ^ 2)
F(10) :> 121
meth (Arg₁: chained)[...]

TBD

meth ^(Function: function): sequence

Returns a sequence that generates the result of calling Function() at each iteration until nil is returned.

let L := [1, 2, 3, 4]
list(^fun L:pull) :> [4, 3, 2, 1]
meth (Function: function):repeat: sequence

Returns a sequence that generates the result of calling Function() at each iteration until nil is returned.

Deprecated since version 2.9.0: Use ^ instead.

let L := [1, 2, 3, 4]
list(L:pull(_):repeat) :> [4, 3, 2, 1]
type grouped < sequence

TBD

meth (Arg₁: integer::interval) & (Arg₂: integer::interval)

TBD

meth (Arg₁: integer::range) & (Arg₂: integer::range)

TBD

type iterator

An iterator.

meth (Iterator: iterator):key: any

Returns the current key produced by Iterator.

meth (Iterator: iterator):next: iterator | nil

Advances Iterator, returning nil if it is finished.

meth (Iterator: iterator):value: any

Returns the current value produced by Iterator.

meth (Buffer: string::buffer):append(Value: real::range)

Appends a representation of Value to Buffer.

type sequence

The base type for any sequence value.

fun all(Sequence: sequence): some | nil

Returns nil if nil is produced by Sequence. Otherwise returns some. If Sequence is empty, then some is returned.

all([1, 2, 3, 4]) :> some
all([1, 2, nil, 4]) :> nil
all([]) :> some
fun batch(Sequence: sequence, Size: integer, Shift?: integer, Function: function): sequence

Returns a new sequence that calls Function with each batch of Size values produced by Sequence and produces the results. If a Shift is provided then Size - Shift values of each batch come from the previous batch.

list(batch(1 .. 20, 4, tuple))
:> [(1, 2, 3, 4), (5, 6, 7, 8), (9, 10, 11, 12), (13, 14, 15, 16), (17, 18, 19, 20)]
list(batch(1 .. 20, 4, 2, tuple))
:> [(1, 2, 3, 4), (3, 4, 5, 6), (5, 6, 7, 8), (7, 8, 9, 10), (9, 10, 11, 12), (11, 12, 13, 14), (13, 14, 15, 16), (15, 16, 17, 18), (17, 18, 19, 20)]
fun count(Sequence: sequence): integer

Returns the count of the values produced by Sequence. For some types of sequences (e.g. list, map, etc), the count is simply retrieved. For all other types, the sequence is iterated and the total number of values counted.

count([1, 2, 3, 4]) :> 4
count(1 .. 10 ->? (2 | _)) :> 5
fun count2(Sequence: sequence): map

Returns a map of the values produced by Sequence with associated counts.

count2("banana") :> {"b" is 1, "a" is 3, "n" is 2}
fun distill(Initial?: any, Sequence: sequence, Fn: function): any | nil

Returns a sequence that produces Initial, Fn(Initial, V₁), Fn(Fn(Initial, V₁), V₂), ... . If Initial is omitted, the first value produced by Sequence is used.

list(distill(1 .. 10, +))
:> [1, 3, 6, 10, 15, 21, 28, 36, 45, 55]
list(distill(20, 1 .. 10, +))
:> [21, 23, 26, 30, 35, 41, 48, 56, 65, 75]
fun fold(Sequence: sequence): sequence

Returns a new sequence that treats alternating values produced by Sequence as keys and values respectively.

map(fold(1 .. 10))
:> {1 is 2, 3 is 4, 5 is 6, 7 is 8, 9 is 10}
fun grid(Sequence₁, : sequence, ..., Function: any): sequence

Returns a new sequence that produces Function(V₁, V₂, ..., Vₙ) for all possible combinations of V₁, ..., Vₙ, where Vᵢ are the values produced by Sequenceᵢ.

list(grid(1 .. 3, "cake", [true, false], tuple))
:> [(1, c, true), (1, c, false), (1, a, true), (1, a, false), (1, k, true), (1, k, false), (1, e, true), (1, e, false), (2, c, true), (2, c, false), (2, a, true), (2, a, false), (2, k, true), (2, k, false), (2, e, true), (2, e, false), (3, c, true), (3, c, false), (3, a, true), (3, a, false), (3, k, true), (3, k, false), (3, e, true), (3, e, false)]
list(grid(1 .. 3, "cake", *))
:> ["c", "a", "k", "e", "cc", "aa", "kk", "ee", "ccc", "aaa", "kkk", "eee"]
fun iterate(Sequence: sequence): iterator | nil

Create an iterator for Sequence. Returns nil is Sequence is empty.

fun key(Sequence: sequence)

Returns a new sequence which produces the keys of Sequence.

list(key({"A" is 1, "B" is 2, "C" is 3}))
:> ["A", "B", "C"]
fun max(Sequence: sequence): any | nil

Returns the largest value (using :max) produced by Sequence.

max([1, 5, 2, 10, 6]) :> 10
fun max2(Sequence: sequence): tuple | nil

Returns a tuple with the key and value of the largest value (using >) produced by Sequence. Returns nil if Sequence is empty.

max2([1, 5, 2, 10, 6]) :> (4, 10)
fun min(Sequence: sequence): any | nil

Returns the smallest value (using :min) produced by Sequence.

min([1, 5, 2, 10, 6]) :> 1
fun min2(Sequence: sequence): tuple | nil

Returns a tuple with the key and value of the smallest value (using <) produced by Sequence. Returns nil if Sequence is empty.

min2([1, 5, 2, 10, 6]) :> (1, 1)
fun pair(Sequence₁: sequence, Sequence₂: sequence): sequence

Returns a new sequence that produces the values from Sequence₁ as keys and the values from Sequence₂ as values.

fun prod(Sequence: sequence): any | nil

Returns the product of the values (using *) produced by Sequence.

prod([1, 5, 2, 10, 6]) :> 600
fun reduce(Initial?: any, Sequence: sequence, Fn: function): any | nil

Returns Fn(Fn( ... Fn(Initial, V₁), V₂) ..., Vₙ) where Vᵢ are the values produced by Sequence. If Initial is omitted, the first value produced by Sequence is used.

reduce(1 .. 10, +) :> 55
reduce([], 1 .. 10, :put)
:> [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
fun reduce2(Initial?: any, Sequence: sequence, Fn: function): any | nil

Returns Fn(Fn( ... Fn(Initial, K₁, V₁), K₂, V₂) ..., Kₙ, Vₙ) where Kᵢ and Vᵢ are the keys and values produced by Sequence. If Initial is omitted, a tuple with the first key and value produced by Sequence is used.

reduce2([], "cake", fun(L, K, V) L:put((K, V)))
:> [(1, c), (2, a), (3, k), (4, e)]
fun some(Sequence: sequence): any | nil

Returns the first value produced by Sequence that is not nil.

some([nil, nil, "X", nil]) :> "X"
some([nil, nil, nil, nil]) :> nil
fun sum(Sequence: sequence): any | nil

Returns the sum of the values (using +) produced by Sequence.

sum([1, 5, 2, 10, 6]) :> 24
fun swap(Sequence: sequence)

Returns a new sequence which swaps the keys and values produced by Sequence.

map(swap("cake"))
:> {"c" is 1, "a" is 2, "k" is 3, "e" is 4}
fun unfold(Sequence: sequence): sequence

Returns a new sequence that treats produces alternatively the keys and values produced by Sequence.

list(unfold("cake")) :> [1, "c", 2, "a", 3, "k", 4, "e"]
fun unique(Sequence: sequence): sequence

Returns an sequence that returns the unique values produced by Sequence. Uniqueness is determined by using a map.

list(unique("banana")) :> ["b", "a", "n"]
fun unpack(Sequence: sequence): sequence

Returns a new sequence unpacks each value generated by Sequence as keys and values respectively.

let L := [("A", "a"), ("B", "b"), ("C", "c")]
map(unpack(L)) :> {"A" is "a", "B" is "b", "C" is "c"}
fun weave(Sequence₁, : sequence, ...): sequence

Returns a new sequence that produces interleaved values Vᵢ from each of Sequenceᵢ. The sequence stops produces values when any of the Sequenceᵢ stops.

list(weave(1 .. 3, "cake")) :> [1, "c", 2, "a", 3, "k"]
fun zip(Sequence₁, : sequence, ..., Function: any): sequence

Returns a new sequence that produces Function(V₁₁, ..., Vₙ₁), Function(V₁₂, ..., Vₙ₂), ... where Vᵢⱼ is the j-th value produced by Sequenceᵢ. The sequence stops produces values when any of the Sequenceᵢ stops.

list(zip(1 .. 3, "cake", tuple))
:> [(1, c), (2, a), (3, k)]
fun zip2(Sequence₁, : sequence, ..., KeyFn: any, ValueFn: any): sequence

Returns a new sequence that produces KeyFn(K₁₁, ..., Kₙ₁) - ValueFn(V₁₁, ..., Vₙ₁), ... where Kᵢⱼ - Vᵢⱼ are the j-th key and value produced by Sequenceᵢ. The sequence stops produces values when any of the Sequenceᵢ stops.

map(zip2(1 .. 3, "cake", tuple, tuple))
:> {(1, 1) is (1, c), (2, 2) is (2, a), (3, 3) is (3, k)}
meth &(Sequence: sequence): Sequence

Returns an sequence that repeatedly produces the values from Sequence (for use with limit).

list(&(1 .. 3) limit 10) :> [1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 1]
meth (Sequence₁: sequence) & (Sequence₂: sequence): Sequence

Returns an sequence that produces the values from Sequence₁ followed by those from Sequence₂.

list(1 .. 3 & "cake") :> [1, 2, 3, "c", "a", "k", "e"]
meth (Base: sequence) -> (F: function): sequence

Returns a chained sequence equivalent to (K₁, F(V₁)), ..., (Kₙ, F(Vₙ)) where Kᵢ and Vᵢ are the keys and values produced by Base.

meth (Base: sequence) ->! (F: function): sequence

Returns a chained sequence equivalent to (K₁, F ! V₁), ..., (Kₙ, F ! Vₙ) where Kᵢ and Vᵢ are the keys and values produced by Base.

map({"A" is [1, 2], "B" is [3, 4], "C" is [5, 6]} ->! +)
:> {"A" is 3, "B" is 7, "C" is 11}
meth (Base: sequence) ->!? (F: function): sequence

Returns a chained sequence equivalent to (Kⱼ, Vⱼ), ... where Kᵢ and Vᵢ are the keys and values produced by Base and F ! Vⱼ returns non-nil.

map({"A" is [1, 2], "B" is [3, 3], "C" is [5, 6]} ->!? !=)
:> {"A" is [1, 2], "C" is [5, 6]}
meth (Sequence: sequence) ->> (Function: function): sequence

Returns a new sequence that generates the keys and values from Function(Value) for each value generated by Sequence.

list(1 .. 5 ->> (1 .. _))
:> [1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
meth (Base: sequence) ->? (F: function): sequence

Returns a chained sequence equivalent to (Kⱼ, Vⱼ), ... where Kᵢ and Vᵢ are the keys and values produced by Base and F(Vⱼ) returns non-nil.

list(1 .. 10 ->? (2 | _)) :> [2, 4, 6, 8, 10]
meth (Base: sequence) ->| (F: function): sequence

Returns a chained sequence equivalent to (Kⱼ, Vⱼ), ... where Kᵢ and Vᵢ are the keys and values produced by Base while F(Vⱼ) returns non-nil.

list(1 .. 10 ->? (5 !| _)) :> [1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9]
list(1 .. 10 ->| (5 !| _)) :> [1, 2, 3, 4]
meth (Sequence: sequence) // (Initial: any, Fn: function): sequence

Returns a sequence that produces Initial, Fn(Initial, V₁), Fn(Fn(Initial, V₁), V₂), ... .

Deprecated since version 2.9.0: Use distill instead.

list(1 .. 10 // (10, +))
:> [11, 13, 16, 20, 25, 31, 38, 46, 55, 65]
meth (Sequence: sequence) // (Fn: function): sequence

Returns a sequence that produces V₁, Fn(V₁, V₂), Fn(Fn(V₁, V₂), V₃), ... .

Deprecated since version 2.9.0: Use distill instead.

list(1 .. 10 // +)
:> [1, 3, 6, 10, 15, 21, 28, 36, 45, 55]
meth (Base: sequence) => (F: function): sequence

Returns a chained sequence equivalent to (K₁, F(K₁, V₁)), ..., (Kₙ, F(Kₙ, Vₙ)) where Kᵢ and Vᵢ are the keys and values produced by Base.

map("cake" => *)
:> {1 is "c", 2 is "aa", 3 is "kkk", 4 is "eeee"}
meth (Base: sequence) => (F₁: function, F₂: function): sequence

Returns a chained sequence equivalent to (F₁(K₁, V₁), F₂(K₁, V₁)), ..., (F₁(Kₙ, Vₙ), F₂(Kₙ, Vₙ)) where Kᵢ and Vᵢ are the keys and values produced by Base.

map("cake" => (tuple, *))
:> {(1, c) is "c", (2, a) is "aa", (3, k) is "kkk", (4, e) is "eeee"}
meth (Sequence: sequence) =>> (Function: function): sequence

Returns a new sequence that generates the keys and values from Function(Key, Value) for each key and value generated by Sequence.

list("cake" =>> *)
:> ["c", "a", "a", "k", "k", "k", "e", "e", "e", "e"]
meth (Base: sequence) =>? (F: function): sequence

Returns a chained sequence equivalent to (Kⱼ, Vⱼ), ... where Kᵢ and Vᵢ are the keys and values produced by Base and F(Kⱼ, Vⱼ) returns non-nil.

let M := map(1 .. 10 -> fun(X) X ^ 2 % 10)
:> {1 is 1, 2 is 4, 3 is 9, 4 is 6, 5 is 5, 6 is 6, 7 is 9, 8 is 4, 9 is 1, 10 is 0}
map(M =>? !=)
:> {2 is 4, 3 is 9, 4 is 6, 7 is 9, 8 is 4, 9 is 1, 10 is 0}
meth (Base: sequence) =>| (F: function): sequence

Returns a chained sequence equivalent to (Kⱼ, Vⱼ), ... where Kᵢ and Vᵢ are the keys and values produced by Base while F(Kⱼ, Vⱼ) returns non-nil.

let M := map(1 .. 10 -> fun(X) X ^ 2 % 10)
:> {1 is 1, 2 is 4, 3 is 9, 4 is 6, 5 is 5, 6 is 6, 7 is 9, 8 is 4, 9 is 1, 10 is 0}
map(M =>? fun(K, V) K + V < 15)
:> {1 is 1, 2 is 4, 3 is 9, 4 is 6, 5 is 5, 6 is 6, 8 is 4, 9 is 1, 10 is 0}
map(M =>| fun(K, V) K + V < 15)
:> {1 is 1, 2 is 4, 3 is 9, 4 is 6, 5 is 5, 6 is 6}
meth (Sequence: sequence) ^ (Function: function): sequence

Returns a new sequence that generates the keys and values from Function(Value) for each value generated by Sequence.

Deprecated since version 2.5.0: Use ->> instead.

list(1 .. 5 ^ (1 .. _))
:> [1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
meth (Sequence: sequence):find(Value: any): any | nil

Returns the first key generated by Sequence with correspding value = Value.

meth (Sequence: sequence):first: any | nil

Returns the first value produced by Sequence.

first("cake") :> "c"
first([]) :> nil
meth (Sequence: sequence):first2: tuple(any, any) | nil

Returns the first key and value produced by Sequence.

first2("cake") :> (1, c)
first2([]) :> nil
meth (Sequence: sequence):generate(Function: function): function

Returns a new function that returns Function(Key, Value) where Key and Value are the next key-value pair generated by Sequence. Once Sequence is exhausted, the function returns nil.

let f := "cat" generate tuple :> <generator>
f() :> (1, c)
f() :> (2, a)
f() :> (3, t)
f() :> nil
f() :> nil
meth (Arg₁: sequence):group(Arg₂: function)

TBD

meth (Sequence: sequence):join: string

Joins the elements of Sequence into a string.

1 .. 10 join "," :> "1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10"
meth (Sequence: sequence):join(Separator: string): string

Joins the elements of Sequence into a string using Separator between elements.

(1 .. 10):join :> "12345678910"
meth (Sequence: sequence):last: any | nil

Returns the last value produced by Sequence.

last("cake") :> "e"
last([]) :> nil
meth (Sequence: sequence):last2: tuple(any, any) | nil

Returns the last key and value produced by Sequence.

last2("cake") :> (4, e)
last2([]) :> nil
meth (Sequence: sequence):limit(Limit: integer): sequence

Returns an sequence that produces at most Limit values from Sequence.

list(1 .. 10) :> [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
list(1 .. 10 limit 5) :> [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
meth (Sequence: sequence):provided(Fn: function): sequence

Returns an sequence that stops when Fn(Value) is nil.

list("banana") :> ["b", "a", "n", "a", "n", "a"]
list("banana" provided (_ != "n")) :> ["b", "a"]
meth (Sequence: sequence):random(...): any | nil

Returns a random value produced by Sequence.

random("cake") :> "k"
random([]) :> nil
meth (Sequence: sequence):skip(Skip: integer): sequence

Returns an sequence that skips the first Skip values from Sequence and then produces the rest.

list(1 .. 10) :> [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
list(1 .. 10 skip 5) :> [6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
meth (Arg₁: sequence):split(Arg₂: function)

TBD

type split < sequence

TBD

meth (Arg₁: type):random(...)

TBD